Skip to main content
 Vegas HowTo

How to Play Craps in Las Vegas

How to Play Craps

Craps is a Las Vegas casino dice game played inside a large sunken table. Craps can look like a complicated game to understand because of the different betting options but don’t let the multiple betting options overwhelm you. In craps, players wager money against the casino on the outcome of one roll, or of a series of rolls of two red dice.

Craps is a game played by 1 or more players. It is played with a set of two perfectly balance red dice. In Las Vegas casinos, there are no seats around the table because the game is played standing up. Players take turns rolling two dice.

Most Las Vegas crap tables usually operate with four employees: the boxman, two dealers, and a stickman.
Boxman: sits at the center of the layout and drops all currency into the money box. He supervises, watches everything and directs the game.
Dealers: stand on each side of the boxman. It is the dealer who operates the game, administers the house rules, pays off the winning wagers and collects the player's losses. Dealers also make change when you play.
Stickman: stands in the center of the player's side of the table. He's responsible for controling the dice in between rolls and deliver the dice with a stick to the person rolling the dice. The stickperson is also responsible for announcing the results of each roll, placing all the Proposition bets, or instructing a dealer to place bets in the center of the table.
Shooter: The player who is designated to roll the dice is the shooter.

Best Craps Bets in Las Vegas

In Las Vegas, the best bets in craps are the Pass/Don’t pass, Come/Don’t come, Place bets on the six and eight, and the Odds bet.

Shooting Craps in Vegas - How the game is played

Buying Chips

To play the game of Craps, just find a spot along the long table where there are no numbers and place the money in front of the dealer and say "Change." The dealer will hand the money to the boxman who counts it, and tells the dealer the amount. The dealer will then place an equivalent amount of chips on the layout directly in front of you. Take the chips off the table layout and place them in the groove provided on the table railing.

Come Out:

Place a bet by checking the table minimum and then place that amount on the Pass Line section of the board after the hockey puck is switched to OFF by the dealer (stickman). The Shooter will then make a "come out roll" by tossing both dice from one of the short ends of the table to the other, making sure that both dice bounce off the opposite side wall of the table. Player wins if a Natural 7 or 11 appears, and loses if a Crap 2, 3, or 12 appears. Any other number (4, 5, 6, 8, 9, or 10) becomes the Pass Line Point.

Note: The game is played in rounds, with the first roll of a new round called the "come out roll".

How to play craps

VegasHowTo Video

Types of Craps Waging that can be made

How to play craps


The Pass Line is the place on the layout where you put your chips to bet on the First Roll or the Come Out Roll. A Pass Line Bet wins even money. Once the Pass Line Point has been established, if the total of the two dice is 7 or 11, you win, and your chips double. This is called a 'win' or a 'natural'. If you roll a 2, 3 or 12, you lose and your chips are taken away. This is called "craps" and ends the round immediately. If however the shooter rolls any other number (4, 5, 6, 8, 9, or 10) on the come-out roll, this number becomes what is called the point and then you enter the Point Round.

In the point round, the shooter must roll their point again before rolling a 7. If the shooter rolls the point again, the shooter wins and the round ends. The game then starts over with the same shooter rolling another come-out roll. If the shooter rolls a 7 instead of the point, this is called a "seven-out", the round ends, and the dice pass to the next player to the left, who becomes the new shooter.

Note: A Pass Line Bet cannot be placed, reduced or removed once the Point has been established until it wins or loses. This bet pays even money.


This is the opposite of the Pass Line bet. With the "Don't Pass Line" bets, you lose on the "Come out" roll if the shooter rolls a natural 7 or 11. You win on a craps 2 or 3. If the shooter rolls a 12 in a "Don’t pass line" bet, that's a push (12 is a tie), and the initial bet is returned with no wins or losses.

Once a point is established, you lose if the point is thrown and win if a 7 rolls.

When 4, 5, 6, 8, 9 or 10 rolls, it is the point. You are betting that 7 will be rolled before the point. Don’t Pass Bets must be placed before the come out roll, but may be removed or decreased after a point is established, however, it may not be replaced or increased after such removal or reduction. This bet pays even money.

In Vegas casinos, when a player places a don’t pass line bet, they are known as "wrong" players because they are betting against the shooter.


Come Bets are made any time after a shooter has rolled a point. Come Bet rules are the same as Pass Line rules. You win on a 7 or 11 and lose on a 2, 3 or 12 on the roll immediately following placement of the bet. Any other number becomes your "come point" and the dealer will move the wager to the box that corresponds to the number that was rolled. If your point rolls before 7, you win. If 7 rolls before your point, you lose. A Come bet cannot be reduced or removed after a number is established for such bet.


Don’t Come Bets are the opposite of Come Bet. This bet can be made anytime after the first roll when a shooter has established their point. You win if the next roll is 2 or 3 (12 is a tie), and lose if 7 or 11 roll immediately following placement of the bet. When 12 is rolled, it is a stand-off. When 4, 5, 6, 8, 9 or 10 rolls, it is your point. You are betting that 7 will be rolled before the point. When a point is established, the dealer mover your bet behind the box that corresponds to the number that was rolled. This bet pays even money.


Field bets are one roll bets you can make at any time. With Field bets, you win if any of the printed numbers in the Field section of the layout are rolled. Winning bets are paid even money on 3, 4, 9, 10 and 11. You win 2 to 1 on 2. and you win 3 to 1 on 12. You lose on 5, 6, 7, or 8.


Place Bets are a wager that a specific number (4, 5, 6, 8, 9 or 10) will roll before a 7 rolls. With a Place bet you have to wait for the shooter to make a point and then you may make a "Place Bet" on numbers 4, 5, 6, 8, 9 and 10. If the shooter rolls any of these numbers before a 7, you win. If 7 rolls before your number, you lose. Place Bets can be made on any or all of the point numbers. The payout odds on the 4 & 10 are 9 to 5; 5 & 9 are 7 to 5; 6 & 8 are 7 to 6


A Buy Bet is the same as a Place Bet except the player receives true odds on the payout by paying a commission of 5% when placing the wager. Buy Bets are inactive on the Come Out roll unless the player states otherwise. Buy Bets may be increased, decreased or removed at any time during play prior to a roll of the dice. The payout odds on the 4 &10 are 2 to 1, 5 & 9 are 3 to 2, and 6 & 8 are 6 to 5.


A Lay Bet can be made against any of the point numbers 4, 5, 6, 8, 9 and 10. The Lay Bet wins if 7 rolls before the point number that has been established. The player receives true odds on the payout by paying a commission of 5% on the amount potentially won when making the wager. Lay Bets may be increased, decreased or removed at any time during play prior to a roll of the dice. The payout odds on the 4 & 10 are 1 to2, 5 & 9 are 2 to 3, and 6 & 8 are 5 to 6.


Odds bets are made in addition to the Pass, Don’t Pass, Come or Don’t Come bets. Pass and Don’t Pass odds bets are placed by the player and Come and Don’t Come odds bets are placed by the dealer at the request of the player. The Odds bet can be taken once a point is made on the first roll or a come point on a succeeding roll. You win if the point or come points are made before a 7. The payout odds on the Pass and Come are the same as Buy Bets. The payout odds on the Don’t Pass and Don’t Come are the same as Lay Bets.


A Hardway bet is a wager that an even point number of 4, 6, 8 and 10 will roll as a pair on the dice before it rolls easy (not a pair) or before 7 rolls. Hardways win if the dice roll as a pair and lose if a 7 rolls. There are four "HARDWAY" combinations:

Hard 4 (two 2's)
pays 8 for 1
Hard 6 (two 3's)
pays 10 for 1
Hard 8 (two 4's)
pays 10 for 1
Hard 10 (two 5's)
pays 8 for 1

You can bet the combination you want at any time. For example, if you bet the two 3's (or Hard Way 6), you win when that comes up before a 7 or an easy way 6 (5 and 1 or 4 and 2). Another example: If you bet a hard 8 and the dice roll 4,4 you win. If the dice roll "easy" 5,3 or 6,2 you lose. "Hard Ways" pay high odds. You can also bet any pair (Hardway) for one roll only, this pays 30 to 1.


Proposition bets can be found in the center of the craps table. Proposition bets are placed by the dealer and are one roll bets that may be made at any time and winning wagers remain in action unless the player states otherwise. In Proposition bets you are betting that on the very next roll of the dice any of these numbers below will come up:

Any Craps (2, 3 or 12)
pays 8 for 1
Aces (2) or Twelve (12)
pays 31 for 1
Ace-Deuce (3) or Eleven (11)
pays 16 for 1
Seven (7)
pays 5 for 1

Craps Strategy and Things you should know

Playing Craps in Las Vegas

All Craps wagers are made by placing chips on the appropriate areas of the layout.

Each player is responsible for the correct positioning of his/her wager on the layout, regardless of whether he/she is assisted by the dealer. The player is responsible for making sure the instructions he/she gives the dealer regarding the placement of a wager are correctly carried out.

In Craps most players' strategies center around knowing which bets to place and which bets to avoid. Most winning players avoid all bets except for the Pass Line and Come bets and certain Place bets(6 or 8), leaving the Field, Proposition, Big 6 and Big 8 bets to those pulled in by the stickperson.

Remember, you want a 7 or 11 on the come out roll. If 7 or 11 appear you win, if 2, 3, or 12 are rolled you lose.

Once a point is established, you can't pick up your bet, you have to wait until the player sevens out.

Listen to the stickman. He calls the game, and everything he says is important. Don't hesitate to ask the stickman for more information on Proposition Bets.

When you become the shooter and have picked two dice from the selection, do not remove the dice from the table or hide them from the dealer. Always make sure your hands are empty.

Craps can offer one of the best table game odds in Vegas. The house edge is just 1.4 percent, that means, for every dollar you bet, on the average you’ll only lose about a penny.

Las Vegas Hotel Discounts

Craps House Edge
The Craps house edge is just 1.4 percent. Meaning, for every dollar you bet, you'll only lose about a penny on average.

Craps House Edge

House Edge
Pass / Come
Don't pass / Don't come
Odds - 4 or 10
Odds - 5 or 9
Odds - 6 or 8
Field (2:1 on 12)
Field (3:1 on 12)
Any craps
Big 6, 8
Hard 4,10
Hard 6, 8
Place 6, 8
Place 5, 9
Place 4, 10
Place (to lose) 4, 10
2, 12, & all hard hops
3, 11, & all easy hops
Any seven
Best Casino Games in Vegas
Worst Casino Games in Vegas

Minimum gambling age in Nevada

Las Vegas Casino Loyalty Cards

Related Content

Disclaimer encourages you to play responsibly by betting within your limits. Know when to stop before you start®. Gambling problems? Call 1-800-522-4700 in NV or 1-800-GAMBLER in NJ.

Scroll to Top