The game of Omaha is a poker game in which the patrons play against each other for "the pot" of money on the table. Similar to the rules of Texas Hold’em, the game of Omaha uses the same three-card flop of the community cards, a fourth community card, and then a fifth community card.
However each player must use two out of the four cards initially dealt to them at the beginning of the game, referred to as "hole" cards, and three out of the five cards dealt on the table throughout the course of the game, referred to as "community" cards or "board" cards, to make the highest ranking five-card poker hand. The general blind and betting structure for Omaha described below follows the rules of Texas Hold ’Em.
The object of the game of Omaha Poker is for players to form a five-card poker hand that ranks higher or lower than the other player’s five-card poker hand.
What is the difference between Omaha and Texas Holdem?
The main difference between Omaha and Texas Holdem is the number of hole or pocket cards received by each player (Two in Texas Holdem; Four in Omaha Poker).
1 At the opening of every Omaha Poker game, all players are dealt one card face-up, starting with the player to the immediate left of the house dealer and continuing clockwise around the table. The player with the highest ranked card will receive the flat white disk with the words "dealer button" on it. Once the dealer button has been distributed by the house dealer, the player to the immediate left of the player with the dealer button will receive the "small blind" button. Then the player to the immediate left of the player who received the small blind button will receive the "big blind" button.
2 The game starts with the two players designated as the "small blind" and "big blind" putting a predetermined amount of money into the pot before any cards are dealt. This ensures there's something to play for on every hand. This is called "posting the blinds".
In most cases, the the "small blind" puts up half the minimum bet, and the "big blind" puts up the full minimum bet. For example, if the minimum bet was 2 chips, the big blind would place a forced bet of 2 chips and the small blind would put out 1 chip.
Blind: It's called a blind because you haven't seen a card when you put in this bet. You're practically going in without seeing, or blind.
3 Once the blinds have been placed in the pot, every player is then dealt four cards, face-down, starting with the player that received the "small blind" button, and continuing clockwise around the table. These are called "hole cards" or "pocket cards".
4 Once each player has received their four hole cards, the first round of wagering will occur. The first move falls on the player to the left of the big blind and continuing clockwise around the table. That player can either:
Call the bet: Place a wager that is equal to the amount of the big blind.
Raise it: Place a wager equal to the amount of the big blind as well as an additional amount within the posted table limit.
Fold: Choose to fold their hand and no longer participate during that round of play by placing their four hole cards face-down into the center of the table.
Call the raise, re-raise, or fold their hand: There is a maximum of three raises per round of wagering.
5 After the first betting round, the house dealer then moves all player wagers into the pot. The house dealer then discards the top card of the deck. This is called burning the card and is done to help prevent cheating by making sure no one accidentally saw the top card.
The house dealer then flips the next three cards face-up on in the center of the table simultaneously. These cards are called the "Flop". These are the first of five "community cards" that all players can use, along with their hole cards, to make the best possible poker hand.
6 Following the Flop, the second round of wagering will occur for all active players. Betting begins with the first active player to the left of the dealer button. That player can either:
Bet: Place a wager according to the established table limits.
Check: Do not make a wager with the option to call or raise a wager by another player.
Call Call a wager according to the rules and guidelines used in the previous round of play.
Raise Raise the pot according to the rules and guidelines used in the previous round of play.
Fold Fold their hand according to the rules and guidelines used in the previous round of play.
7 Again after the second betting round, the house dealer then moves all player wagers into the pot. The house dealer burns another card and then takes one card from the top of the deck and place it face-up on the table so there are now a total of four community cards face-up on the table. This fourth community card is called the "Turn card" or "Fourth Street."
There is then another round of betting (the third), exactly as after the Flop. The first active player to the left of the dealer button begins this third round of betting.
8 Once again the house dealer moves all player wagers into the pot and then burns another card before taking the fifth and last community card from the top of the deck and placing it face-up on the table so there are now a total of five community cards face-up on the table. This card is called the "River card" or "Fifth Street". Once the fifth community card (which is the final community card) is placed face-up in the center of the table, the fourth and final round of wagering occurs, starting with the first active player to the left of the dealer button.
9 Once the fourth and final round of wagering has been completed, the house dealer will move all wagers into the pot. Then all active players will then enter into a showdown with each other and compare their hands.
In a showdown, players must use two of the four hole cards initially dealt to them at the beginning of the game and three of the five community cards turned over throughout the round of play to make the highest ranking five-card poker hand.
The pot shall be awarded to the player with the highest ranking five-card poker hand, according to the hand and card rankings shown above. All other players shall lose
In the event more than one player has the highest ranking hand, the pot shall be split equally among the winners.
In the instance there are an odd number of chips, the odd chips shall be awarded to the player closest to the left of the dealer button.
The player with the highest ranking five-card poker hand wins. All other players lose.
Specific combinations must be used in Omaha to make the best hand:
A player may use any combination of exactly two cards from the four cards in his hand and exactly three cards from the board to make his best five-card hand.
Unlike Texas Hold ’Em, a player may not “play the board” (use all five board cards) in Omaha.
Your best five-card hand is a full house: Aces full of Fours.
Your opponent’s best five-card hand is four-of-a-kind: Four Fours.
Keeping in mind that you may only use two cards from your hand, in this example you would be using two of the Aces from your hand along with one Ace on the board and the two Fours to make your full house.
Your opponent is using the two Fours from his hand and the two Fours on the board to make four-of-a-kind. In this example your opponent would win the pot because four-of-a-kind beats a full house.
|BLIND BET||In Omaha Poker, players sitting at certain spots on the table will have to make a wager before seeing any cards|
|FLOP||The three community cards that are dealt face up after the first round of betting is complete.|
|TURN||This is the fourth card dealt after the flop.|
|RIVER||This is the fifth and final card dealt.|
|CALL||To make a wager equal to the amount of the wager made immediately prior, in order to stay in the game.|
|RAISE||To make a wager higher than the last bet, this forces the other players to bet more to stay in the game. Raising the bet.|
|FOLD||To discard or throw away your hand, forfeiting all interest in the current pot.|
|CHECK||To waive the right to start betting, while retaining the right to act if another player begins to betting.|
|BLIND||A required bet made before any cards are dealt.|
|HOLECARDS||The cards dealt facedown to a player.|
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